This award-winning series helps students to build confidence in their ability to "do math" and develop the knowledge and skills required to become mathematically literate. The basic operations of addition, subtraction, and cubing (raising to the third power) as well as three types of patterns involving whole numbers are introduced. The unexpected patterns found should amaze you and lead you to a sense of an underlying pattern to mathematics. Ultimately, mathematics can be seen as the study of patterns. Addition is used to find palindromes. Subtraction is used to find "Black Holes". The addition of the cubes of the digits of a number lead to the discovery that there are only a few numbers which are the termination of the sequences of these sums. Students will learn to determine if a number is a palendrome and to use subtraction to find a "Black Hole", while leaning to add the cubes of the digits of a number.